AskDefine | Define abjuration

Dictionary Definition

abjuration n : a disavowal or taking back of a previous assertion [syn: retraction, recantation]

User Contributed Dictionary

English

Etymology

Latin abjuratio: compare French abjuration

Pronunciation

Noun

  1. The act of abjuring or forswearing; a renunciation upon oath; as, abjuration of the realm, a sworn banishment, an oath taken to leave the country and never to return.
  2. A solemn recantation or renunciation; as, an abjuration of heresy.

Derived terms

Shorthand

References

Extensive Definition

Abjuration is the solemn repudiation, abandonment, or renunciation by or upon oath, often the renunciation of citizenship or some other right or privilege. It comes from the Latin abjurare, "to forswear").
Abjuration of the realm was a type of abjuration in ancient English law that was a renunciation of citizenship, a type of self-imposed exile. The person taking the oath swore never to return to the kingdom unless by permission. This was often taken by fugitives who had taken sanctuary:
In England, an oath of abjuration was taken by members of Parliament, clergy, and laymen, pledging to support the current British monarch and repudiated the right of the Stuarts and other pretenders to the throne. This oath was imposed under William III, George I and George III. It was superseded by the oath of allegiance.
Another famous oath of abjuration was Plakkaat van Verlatinghe of July 26, 1581, the formal declaration of independence of the northern Low Countries from the Spanish king, Philip II. This oath was the climax of the Eighty Years' War (Dutch Revolt).

Sources

abjuration in German: Abjuration

Synonyms, Antonyms and Related Words

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